Pesticide Residue in Marketable Meat and Fish of Nadia district, West Bengal, India
Int. J. Exp. Res. Rev., Vol. 9: 47-53 (2017)
Author: Sumit Saha, A. C. Samal, A. Mallick and S. C. Santra
Abstract: Pesticides are the group of chemicals that used for protection of agricultural and food products by controlling plant and animal pests. The pesticides have significant contribution to increase the yields of agricultural products and regulating vector borne diseases. The unscientific use of pesticide may accumulate in substantial quantity in crops, vegetable, fruits, fishes and meat etc. Pesticide pollution of local environmental may have severe impact on human as well as other animals, birds, fishes and livestock by different ways of exposure. India as populated and developing country is the significant producer of pesticides in and ranks 12th in the world for the use of pesticides. In the present study some locally used Organo-chlorine and Organo-phosphorus pesticide residue of marketable fishes and meats of Nadia district of West Bengal, India were analyzed through Gas chromatography. The result found that the mean values of Organo-chlorine pesticide residue in meat samples such as Heptachlor (0.174mg/kg), β-HCH (0.200 mg/kg), δ-HCH (0.070 mg/kg), Aldrin (0.187 mg/kg) and in fish samples were Heptachlor (0.272 mg/kg), Aldrin (0.187mg/kg). The Organophosphorus pesticide residue in meat samples are Chlorpyrifos (11.450 mg/kg), Fenchlorphos (8.071 mg/kg), Disulfoton (10.948 mg/kg), Methyl Parathion (5.340 mg/kg) and in fish samples were Chlorpyrifos (8.537 mg/kg), Fenchlorphos (15.598 mg/kg), Disulfoton (17.435 mg/kg), Methyl Parathion (6.0975 mg/kg), Famphur (10.57 mg/kg). It was found that some meat and fish samples were within and some are exceeded the permissible limits of Food Safety and standard for pesticides.
Key words: Pesticide, Pesticide residue, Organochlorine, Organophosphorus, Nadia.
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